To ensure a dental implant’s optimal function, for best cosmetic results, or for the placement to be possible at all, additional procedures may be required before, during, or after the actual treatment.
In this procedure, bone and tissue that were lost or deteriorated due to infection, trauma, or the aging process are replaced by means of grafting. Adequate bone and tissue surrounding the teeth are necessary for an implant to be placed. Defective bone structure is also corrected for cosmetic purposes.
When parts of the walls of a tooth socket have been damaged, this procedure is applied. A barrier membrane is applied to rebuild the walls to its ideal structure. The gums surrounding the socket are isolated from the bone. Thus, instead of the gum cells, it enables the bone cells to grow and fill out the socket to receive an implant properly.
With the loss of upper back teeth, the floor of the sinus cavity located just above it tends to drop down into the jaw bone, and bone growth is impeded. Sinus grafting is done to surgically lift up the floor of the cavity as a means to place bone graft materials that will stimulate adequate bone growth necessary for implant placement.
Osteotome Sinus Elevation
This is another approach to increase the height of bone under your sinuses. A bone is left under the sinus cavity, and it is pushed up, along with the floor of the cavity, with the use of a blunt instrument (osteotome). This will allow the dentist to place a longer implant that will provide better immovability and strength to support the process of chewing.
In this particular procedure, a division from front to back is created in the bone of the area to be treated. The inner and outer segments of the bone are then wedged apart. This will provide a space to be filled with new bone. The dentist will be able to increase the width of available bone as deemed appropriate to accept implants.
Keratinized gingiva, the best type of gum tissue for maintaining proper health of teeth, is often lacking or absent especially when teeth have been lost in the area. In gingival grafting, gum tissue is surgically moved from other areas of the mouth (most often the palate), or adjacent gum tissue is mobilized and slid to the treatment area. Recently, materials other than your own gum tissue, such as those from animal sources, have come into common use.
This is indicated to prevent or correct irregularities in the formation or arrangement of the teeth. Sometimes, adjacent teeth can drift to the space where teeth have been lost. To receive an implant, teeth movement may be necessary. It could also be utilized to achieve a better smile and/or bite in cases of occlusion.