Periodontal Disease

Protect Your Teeth Better by Preventing Periodontal Disease

Our mouths are full of bacteria which grow to form plaque if teeth are not brushed and flossed. This buildup leads to Gingivitis which is the condition of gums bleeding and swelling and becoming red upon brushing. When left untreated, a more serious form known as periodontal disease occurs.

Periodontal disease causes the gum tissue to pull away from the tooth; thus destroying the bone and tissue supporting the tooth leading to the tooth falling out. Not only a leading cause of tooth loss in adults, periodontal disease may be a link to high stress, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Dr. Malek recommends that regular dental checkups with your dentist or periodontist and good oral hygiene can greatly prevent the onset of periodontal disease.

During the dental checkup, your medical history is evaluated, and the depth of the gum pockets is measured with a probe. This determines if you have developed any pockets and their depth. The deeper the pocket, the more severe the disease is.

Common signs of periodontal disease include swollen gums, painful chewing, loose and sensitive teeth, bleeding gums and changes in the way the teeth fit together. Early detection of these symptoms involves using non-surgical treatment methods of periodontal disease. Dr. Malek employs a special cleaning procedure known as scaling and root planning. This is removing plaque from the root of the tooth and smoothing the root’s surface to enable the gum tissue to heal. To control infection and aid in healing, a substance may be directly placed in the periodontal pocket.

Advanced periodontal disease is detected after a consultation and subsequent x-rays. Dr. Malek is specially trained in bone grafting, dental implants and crown lengthening procedures. With a professional team, periodontal surgery allows for the access of hard to reach areas. Normally after the surgery, a protective dressing is applied, and a special mouth rinse may be recommended.

Several factors greatly increase the risk of developing periodontal disease. Poor oral hygiene, smoking, genes, changes in hormone levels and chronic diseases such as diabetes, HIV and AIDS are good examples. Thus making lifestyle and health changes reduce the risk and severity of periodontal disease. The periodontist will recommend cleaning your teeth; avoid the grinding of teeth and smoking practice, eating a well-balanced diet and more regular dental checkups.

Simple practices that only take a few minutes such as brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and flossing to remove bits of food and plaque will not only prevent tooth loss but also give you a beautiful and confident smile.

Periodontal Disease

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